Habitat loss and degradation is a significant issue for Asian elephant in Cambodia as increasing amounts of natural habitat are converted to economic land concessions throughout the country, including inside and adjacent to protected areas.

The Cardamom Mountains Landscape holds a core population of Asian elephant; yet to date, there has been few targeted conservation efforts and little is known about this globally important population. The long-term goal of the project is to develop a monitoring program for Asian elephants in the southern Cardamoms and to ensure conservation efforts of this core population are strategic, effective and adaptive.

This project will result in improved knowledge of this core population and strengthened ability of protected area managers and NGOs in Cambodia to conserve Asian elephant and its habitat in a strategic and coordinated manner.