Behavior Change Conservation Campaign: Human-Wildlife Coexistence, Nepal

Approximately 120 elephants and 87 tigers share the same habitat in Bardia National Park and the surrounding area in Nepal. Increasing incidents of human-elephant and human-wildlife conflict have caused crop losses, property damage, and human deaths, which then lead to retaliatory killings of wild elephants and tigers. To help mitigate this issue and create a culture of coexistence, “problem” elephants and tigers will be monitored using camera traps and Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) will help herd wildlife away from human settlements. A conservation education campaign focusing on behavioral change and safe coexistence will be implemented throughout affected communities with the intention of enhancing the park-human relationship. This multifaceted project aims to protect two endangered species: Asian elephants and Bengal tigers.