Community Based Anti-Poaching Units (CBAPUs) for Asian Elephant Conservation
National Trust for Nature Conservation, Nepal
Before 1994, only 2 elephants were observed in Bardia National Park (BNP). Now, it is a major habitat for wild elephants with approximately 120 individuals in residence. Although Nepal has implemented elephant conservation efforts, recent evidence shows that elephants are still at risk due to poaching, retaliatory killing, illegal extraction of forest resources, and conflict with local people in buffer zones and corridors. Local communities are in need of outreach and education conservation messaging to learn how to deter wild elephants away from settlements. Successful protection of Nepal’s elephant population depends on cooperation and support of local youth. This project expands Community Based Anti-Poaching Units and outreach activities, antipoaching patrols, and human-elephant conflict mitigation training to assist in the protection of this recovering elephant population.