Elephant Conservation in Koshi Tappu and Surrounding Landscape in Eastern Nepal

Nepal has a small but growing population of elephants existing in increasingly human dominated landscapes, creating a serious challenge of human-elephant conflict. In the Sunsari, Saptari, Udaypur and Siraha districts of eastern Nepal there were over 235 HEC incidents, 4 human deaths, 3 injuries, and over 27 houses damaged in the past 2 years leading to 2 retaliatory killings of elephants. In order to ensure the long-term survival and recovery of elephants in this region, this project is setting up dedicated Elephant Response Teams to respond to HEC incidents and cultivate positive attitudes among villagers. They will collect data on HEC hotspots and develop site specific coexistence strategies, disseminate educational materials, and hold at least 20 village-level education sessions to reduce HEC and increase positive community attitudes towards elephants and wildlife.