Elephant deterrent effectiveness in light of ecological and agricultural variation
A continuation of the program IEF has supported for 3 years, this project tests and evaluates the
effectiveness of different methods of human elephant conflict (HEC) mitigation and crop
protection both on their own and when used in combination with each other. Alongside testing
experimental deterrents, the project will use surveys, investigate early warning systems, and
assess and teach climate smart agriculture practices.
This project is supported in part by: