Strengthening Community Based Anti-Poaching Units (CBAPUs) for Asian elephant Conservation in the Corridor between Nepal and India, Nepal
Approximately 120 elephants and 87 tigers share the same habitat with humans in Bardia National Park and the surrounding area in Nepal. Increasing incidents of human-elephant and human-wildlife conflict have caused crop losses, property damage, and human deaths, which then lead to retaliatory killings of wild elephants and tigers. Through a collaborative approach with the local young people, this project strengthens capacity of the Community Based Anti-Poaching Units (CBAPUs) by implementing regular anti-poaching patrols, teaching methods of motivating elephants away from villages, and holding community conservation education programs. To create a culture of coexistence, “problem” elephants and tigers are monitored using camera traps and Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) help herd wildlife away from human settlements. A conservation education campaign focusing on behavioral change and safe coexistence has been implemented throughout affected communities with the intention of enhancing the park-human relationship and a fence constructed to keep elephants out of crop fields.