Elephant Utilization, Zambia
Elephant Utilization of the Kafue-Zambezi Wildlife Corridor of KAZA TFCA, Zambia
This project fits GPS satellite collars to 2 wild elephants in the Kafue-Zambezi corridor area of the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) to enable a more complete picture of elephant use of the study area, identification of elephant movement pathways, and confirm any barriers to elephant movement between southwestern Zambia and the greater KAZA area. The data gained will be used to enhance elephant connectivity between ecosystems, increasing their habitat utilization and survival. In addition, this project will implement the final phase of the IEF-funded electrified poliwire fencing trials, which has shown success in reducing human-elephant conflict in southern Kafue National Park, Zambia. Poliwire electric fencing trials have to date deterred elephants from individual maize crops on a small number of trial farms. In 2017, a number of demonstration plots throughout the community areas adjacent to Nkala GMA will be constructed and information sessions will be conducted to facilitate the use of this new technology for mitigation of elephant crop-raiding. New methods to alleviate human-elephant conflict are needed to build relationships between wildlife authorities and community members and help farmers and elephants to live in harmony.