Conserving wild elephants in human dominated landscape without meaningful community participation is impossible. Located in the Khata and Karnali Forest Corridor of Bardia National Park in Nepal, this project aims to strengthen capacity of community based Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) and Community Based Anti-Poaching Units (CBAPUs) to minimize retaliatory/illegal killing of elephants and to minimize human and elephant fatalities caused by HEC. The RRT will be trained and equipped with uniforms, GPS units, and other patrol resources, and the existing CBAPUs will receive updated training and resources as needed. Both teams will be mobilized for forest patrols as well as educated on techniques to reduce potential human injuries, casualties, property damage and crop damage. Both patrol programs will coordinate with park authorities to maximize effectiveness and plan management of the elephant population.