Elephant Husbandry Resource Guide
Elephant management is a dynamic process and will change as more is learned about elephants. Regular review of these guidelines will be necessary to incorporate advancements and information that will benefit the elephants and their handlers. These guidelines recognize the established standards of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Elephant Managers Association (EMA), American Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), and the International Elephant Foundation (IEF) as they apply to elephants.
Edited by: Deborah Olson